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The United States J Finkelstein Martin professor to our hospital for the United States higher education policy series, t

Published:2016-01-14 10:57:32   Source:   Views:8952

February 2006 13 to 15, from the United States Hall University Martin education expert Professor J Finkelstein Seton to our hospital for a series of lectures on Higher Education in the United states. The lecture is chaired by Professor Dean Yin Zhaohui, Guo Mei, Tao Meisheng, Zhou Juan, and Wang Yuliang. The lecture lasted for 3 days, all day long, all the teachers and students in our hospital and other universities, some teachers and students attended the lecture. During the lecture, Martin J Finkelstein professor of passionate speech, participants actively speak, each one airs his own views. We actively think, warm discussion, promote the international academic exchanges, and truly embodies the spirit of academic freedom.
Professor Martin J. Finkelstein, is dedicated to our hospital for academic lectures Professor Huang Mingdong, vice president of the hospital's invitation, mainly around the U.S. and Canadian higher education policy and carry out academic exchanges, to complete the universities directly under the Ministry of education to hire foreign experts supported by the key project "in the United States, heightening and education policy: a comparative study".
This seminar is divided into four parts. First is the remarkable characteristics of the system of higher education in the United States, the second is the organization and operation of the system of higher education in the United States, the three emphases is the policy of higher education in the United States, and the fourth is the reconstruction of academic vocational higher education. Among of the Canadian higher education policies were introduced and compared, broaden the students' vision, is a very successful academic exchanges and seminars.
The first American higher education system
The American higher education system is unique, which is very different from China, and is different from the European continent. This has a great relationship with the extreme separation of powers in the United States. Generally speaking, there are eight characteristics of American higher education system:
First, the federal system
The United States is a typical decentralized state. The United States Congress provides that as long as the state does not violate the general principles of the constitution, the specific issues that are not mentioned in the Constitution shall be decided by the States, and the federal government will not interfere with the. Education is not expressly provided in the constitution, therefore, the United States of education, including higher education chaired by the state. So there is a saying is that the United States did not "national university".
Although the government is the main provider of funds in universities, but it does not interfere with the affairs of the school, such as university admission standards and enrollment, degree awarded conditions, teachers' qualification confirmation, the students of logistics management and so on.
The United States also has the "Ministry of education", however, its power and function is different from other countries, including the Ministry of education, Ministry of education, china. The latter is the top management of education, the former is the provider of educational funds.
Two, a large private university system
The most prestigious universities in the United States are mostly private colleges and universities, such as Harvard, Yale and so on. In the United States, the best and worst universities are private, which is a feature of the American higher education system. Although the United States also has public colleges and universities, but the history of private colleges and universities has a long history, strong teachers, excellent quality of education. And compared with public colleges and universities, more able to meet the needs of the people, so most people still choose to enter the private colleges and universities, to receive first-class education.
It is worth noting that the high tuition fees of private universities. Private higher education funds more by private donations, such as Cornell University, Johns Hopkins University, and so on, the traditional capital financing way of private colleges and universities establishment and development played an important role.
Three, the board of directors of the board of directors to master the management of the University
With Britain's Oxford, Cambridge model, presidents, scholars scholarship -- different American colleges and universities management in most of the control of the school board in the hands of. The composition of the board of directors of the school, not proficient in education, education experts, is not proficient in the management of the management experts, but a group of "layman"". They school founder or successor, or other professional background, such as lawyers, financiers and politicians, businessmen and even doctors. Appear this phenomenon is mainly the responsibility of the central government does not lie in this, and management effort and ability of limited public trust; the second is generated from the public in various fields of social celebrities as the school management can effectively protect the school funding, have not received much outside pressure and independent development to meet the needs of the society; the third is to exclude the possibility of by teachers and education experts to manage the school in the school academic development and the imbalance between the interests of the school which can be so that they in the global position of consider the public interest. That is, these amateur managers usually play multiple roles, this is the school funding open channels.
In the choice of board members, the public universities and private colleges and universities are also different. Members of the board of directors of public colleges and universities are elected by the public, that is, the majority of the state government or the mayor to elect their candidates, on behalf of their interests; private colleges and universities are selected by the board of directors of new members. The board of directors of academic affairs to interfere less, only to grasp the fundamental policy, the specific things that professors.
Four, the school funding from the non-government sector or tax
In many European countries, education is free. In the United States, the idea that education is a private product is deeply ingrained. American families have to pay high tuition fees for their children, especially in private universities. Harvard University tuition for each year 11000 - 12000 dollars, public colleges and universities is relatively low, such as New York State University for about eight thousand dollars a year. Recently, the U.S. public colleges and universities tuition fees are also rising trend